ANGUILLA

Motto:

Strength and Endurance
 

History

 

Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island (against the wishes of the inhabitants) was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Columbus gave this long, thin island its name - Spanish for "eel". Anguilla is a late bloomer in tourism, with a bloom perhaps all the lovelier for its delay. The raw material for tropical perfection was already there: a soft dry climate, colorfully inhabited reefs, and a shoreline bountiful in sand that is to beachcombers what Aspen's slopes are to skiers. There were already a few lazy gingerbread inns, though meals and recreation were primitive. But in the Seventies the government decided to choreograph an ambitious yet controlled growth in the hospitality industry.  Following the hoteliers, talented chefs flocked here as well, offering gourmet French, Italian, and nouvelle West Indian fare.

Archaeology lovers will find ample diversion: aboriginal sites dating back 4,000 years, plus the museum and park at The Fountains, where underground caves display ancient fossils. Several tiny offshore isles provide additional beaches and stepping stones to dive sites beyond Anguilla's convenient snorkeling reefs (seven underwater shipwrecks are within easy boating reach). De rigueur is a jaunt to Scilly Cay, where the sunbathing is divine, surpassed only by the midday grilled seafood.

Today the island contentedly remains a Crown Colony and, as such, preserves certain stiff-upper-lip attitudes. Nude bathing is prohibited, and despite the languorous backwater feel to daily life, the evening dress code may strike some as stuffy. This is also an expensive island but its sunny pleasures are well worth the price.


                     

Geography:

Location:

The most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles

 

Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: Total: 91 sq km
Land: 91 sq km
Coastline: 61 km
Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 3 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain: Flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation Extremes Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
 
Natural Resources: Salt, fish, lobster, pleasant climate fosters tourism
Land use: Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
Natural hazards: Frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues: Supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system

Geography Note:

The most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles

                            

 People:

Population:

14,764 (July 2010 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.3% (male 1,839/female 1,745)
15-64 years: 68.% (male 4,763/female 5,276)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 551/female 590) (2010 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.208% (2010 est.)
Birth rate: 12.94 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
Death rate: 4.4 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
Net migration rate: 13.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
Sex ratio: At birth: 1.032 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Nationality: Noun: Anguillan(s)
Adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups: Black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, White 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 Census)
Religions:

Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 Census)

Languages: English (official)

                 

 Government:
Country name: Anguilla
Dependency status: Overseas territory of the UK
Government Type: NA
Capital: The Valley
National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system: Based on English Common Law
Executive branch: Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Alistair HARRISON (since 21 April 2009)
head of government: Chief Minister Hubert Hughes.  (Since 16 February2010)

Cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
elections: The monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch:

Unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7 elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
Elections: 
last held 21 February 2010 (next to be held 2015)
Election results: percent of vote by party -
N/A; Seats by party AUM 4, AUF 2, APP1.

Judicial branch: High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Political parties and leaders:

Anguilla Progressive Party or APP Roy Rogers);Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA(Edison Baird);Anguilla United Front or AUF(Osbourne Fleming or Victor Banks) (A coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA); Anguilla United Movement or AUM (Hubert Hughes); (2010)

International organization participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), UPU WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US: None (Overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: None
Caricom Associate Member: 4 July 1999
Flag description:

Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below

 


                       

Economy:
Overview: Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $175.4 million (2009 est.)
GDP -real growth rate: -8.5% (2009 est)
GDP per capita (PPP): $12,200 (2008 est)
GDP - composition by sector: Agriculture: 4%
Industry: 18%
Services: 78% (2002 est.)
Population below poverty line: 23% (2002)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 6,049 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation: Agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2002)
Budget: Revenues: $22.8 million
Expenditures: $22.5 million; including capital Expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Agriculture: small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Industries:  Tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Agriculture - products: Small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Exports: $119.5 million (2009 est.)
Exports - commodities: Lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Imports: $143 million (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: Fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Debt - external: $8.8 million (1998)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollar (XCD) per US dollar, 2.7 (2007)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

         

Communications:
Telephones - main lines in use: 5,800 (2008
Telephones - mobile cellular: 13,100 (2005)
Telephone System: domestic: modern internal telephone system
international:  country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) (2007)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM11, shortwave 2 (2009)
Television broadcast stations: 1(1997)
Internet country Code: .ai
Internet hosts: 258(2009)
Internet users: 4500 (2008)

          

 Transportation:
Airports: 3 (2009); Main airport is Wall Blake Airport
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2009 )
Roadways: Total: 175 km
Paved: 82 km
Unpaved: 93 km (2004)
Ports and Terminals: Blowing Point, Road Bay
  Main Source of Information: the Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook

 

Items of Interest:

Anthem:

The official Anthem is God Save The Queen
God Save the Queen
God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save The Queen.
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save The Queen.

O Lord our God, arise,
Scatter our enemies,
And make them fall;
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks;
On thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all.

Thy choicest gifts in store

On her be pleased to pour,
Long may she reign.
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice,
God save The Queen.

The National Song is God Bless Anguilla

God bless Anguilla
Nurture and keep her
Noble and beauteous
She stands midst the sea
Oh land of the happy
A haven we'll make thee
Our lives and love
We give unto thee

Chorus

With heart and soul
We'll build a nation
Proud, strong and free
We'll love her hold her
Dear to our hearts for eternity
Let truth and right
our banner be
We'll march ever on

Mighty we'll make
Long may she prosper
God grant her leaders
wisdom and grace
May glory and honour
Ever attend her
Firm shall she stand
Throughout every age

Favorite Local Cuisine:

Rice and Peas and Fish
Government website: http://www.gov.ai